Behaviour Based Safety (BBS) systems came about to reduce accidents and their resultant costs. The costs can be human costs (in the form of death or injury) or financial costs (in the form of damage to equipment, raw material, product, etc).
Accident causation studies (including ones by Du Pont, Heinrich and Kletz) highlight the fact that up to 96% of all accidents and incidents are caused by human error, with only 4% due to unsafe work conditions. So, Behaviour Based Safety focuses on worker behaviour and human factors rather than limiting itself to the traditional approach of engineering safeguards. The aim is to change behaviour and foster a positive, open safety culture. This in turn leads not only to reduced injuries and illness but also to improved morale, quality, performance and productivity.
The programme involves front line staff carrying out planned routine behavioural safety observations audits / tours. It involves immediate one-to-one feedback on the observation with the person involved. The observations feedback focuses on both positive and negative behaviours observed. At CMSE we use the following four-stage process:
This evaluation phase includes one-to-one interviews with key members of your management team, supervisors and informal discussions with operators during the site tour, and a review of your key Safety Management System (SMS). On completion of the evaluation, our report gives key findings and recommendations on how best to integrate a behavioural safety programme within your existing safety management system. We present the report and recommendations to your senior management team in the form of a presentation.